The colon, also known as the large intestine, is a component of the body’s digestive framework. Its function is to absorb supplements from food and stores waste until it goes out of the body.A colon polyp is a little cluster or clump of cells that forms on the lining of the colon. Most colon polyps are innocuous. In any case, over time, some colon polyps can form into colon cancer, which is frequently lethal when found in its later stages.
Colon polyps frequently don’t bring about indications. It’s essential to have customary screening tests, for example, colonoscopy, in light of the fact that colon polyps found in the early stages can for the most part be uprooted securely and completely. The best aversion for colon growth is general screening for polyps.
what is sessile colon polyp?
Polyps may be sessile or pedunculated and change impressively in size.Polyps that have a tendency to develop as slightly leveled or flattened, wide or broad based polyps are referred to as sessile polyps. Sessile polyps develop on the surface of the colon, similar to a mushroom without a stalk. Polyps that develop on short stalks are called pedunculated polyps, resembling a mushroom or little cauliflower. Sessile polyps have a higher rate of malignancy than pedunculated polyps.
Sessile Colon Polyp Cancer Treatment
Sessile Colon Polyp Cancer Risk Factors
Anybody can develop colon polyps. There seems, by all accounts, to be a blend of environmental and hereditary elements that leads to formation of polyps. Smoking, weight, intake of alcohol, eating a high fat diet regimen, red meat utilization, and intake of low fiber diet are all connected with the danger of polyp development.The expanded danger of colorectal polyps and malignancy for smokers stretches out for at least 10 years after they cease smoking. There are likewise hereditary changes that are connected with colon polyps and tumor.
Additionally, patients with an individual history of polyps or colon growth are at danger of growing new polyps. Moreover, there are some uncommon polyps or tumor disorders that keep running in families and build the danger of polyps happening at more young age. However adults over the age of 50 years are more prone to sessile colon polyps.
Sessile Colon Polyp Cancer Treatment
Sessile malignant polyps are regularly considered separately by both clinicians and pathologists. The concerning point is that cancerous cells that cross the muscularis mucosa of a sessile polyp are actually attacking and invading into the portion of the submucosa that is directly touching with rest of the walls of the bowel submucosa and are not secured by a buffer zone of submucosa as in pedunculated polyps.
Mostly surgical treatments are done to remove sessile colon polyps. Sessile polyps are harder to remove on account of their flat broad bases. Frequently they are removed in piecemeal fashion that makes the microscopic assessment more troublesome.
Sessile serrated polyps are frequently present in the proximal colon and are hard to recognize and remove totally with traditional polypectomy methods.A more up to date system known as Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR) is gaining support where sessile polyps are concerned. EMR is indicated in non-pedunculated polyps that can’t be uprooted by standard snare procedures.
With this technique a suction cap with or without saline injected under the polyp is utilized with an end goal to make a pedicle. On the off chance that a pedicle can be made with saline and suction, the polyp can be snared. The sessile lesion may simply require saline infusion underneath it to make a raised injury that can be trapped without suction cap.This strategy permits more exact microscopic examination with initial evaluations demonstrating an upgrading i.e. more diseases recognized in light of the polyp being removed intact.
The determination is more troublesome when a sessile polyp is resected, in spite of the fact that a perfect base without adjacent, evaluated, reddened tissue for the most part demonstrates completeness of resection. This assurance may be hard to accomplish when a polyp has been removed in piecemeal manner, on the grounds that sections at the base could equally prove to be non-viable coagulum or remaining adenomatous tissue.
Sessile Colon Polyp Cancer Treatment Advancements
Advancements in endoscopic treatment have extended the spectrum of lesions that can be extracted without resorting to surgery, maybe most generally in the setting of neoplastic injuries of the colon. It has been standard medical practice to uproot small and pedunculated polyps when they are found. Lesions that are large and sessile have regularly been referred for surgical resection.
Sessile Colon Polyp Cancer Prevention
At the present time, nobody knows how to avoid colon polyps. Taking after a healthy way of life, abstaining from smoking and over the top alcohol, constraining red meat consumption, taking a lot of vegetables, and calcium-rich food into eating regimen, physical activities and keeping up a sound weight may decrease chance of polyp advancement.
There are additionally a few studies recommending that a daily aspirin medicine or even calcium supplement might likewise be defensive against colon polyps. In any case, you ought to always consult with your doctor in the event that you are anticipating taking an aspirin product, or expanding your calcium admission to be sure that there are no expanded dangers to your own well-being.
Colon polyps are diagnosed by certain tests like colonoscopy, Barium enema, endoscopies, biopsy etc.