klatskin Tumor Types, Treatment, Prognosis, Life Expectancy

klatskin Tumor Types, Treatment, Prognosis, Life Expectancy

Klatskin tumor commonly known as hilar cholangiocarcinoma (cholangiocarcinoma) is characterized by the cancer of the biliary tree majorly involving the junctions of right and left hepatic ducts. This cancerous disorder was firstly introduced in 1965 by Gerald Klatskin, who reported 15 cases of this disease. The major underlying cause of …

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Ommaya Reservoir Complications, Removal, Indications, Side Effects

Ommaya Reservoir Complications, Removal, Indications, Side Effects

An Ommaya reservoir is mainly a plastic-based drug delivery system characterized as an intraventricular catheter system that consists of a catheter in an adjacent ventricle further attached to a tank which is inserted under the scalp area. This system majorly used in chemotherapy for the delivery or direct administration of …

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Thymoma Prognosis, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Staging

Thymoma Prognosis, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Staging

Thymoma is characterized as a growth or tumor of the thymus gland mainly located in the epithelial cells of the specified organ. It can be either benign or malignant in nature. Thymomas are generally described by professionals according to their extent of spread from the thymus gland to other parts …

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Pott’s Puffy Tumor Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Pott's Puffy Tumor Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Pott’s puffy tumor is mainly characterized by the occurrence of osteomyelitis of the frontal bone of the scalp associated directly or along with haematogenic spread resulting in the localized inflammation of the forehead. This infection is very likely to spread inwardly resulting in the formation of intracranial abscess which in …

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Waldeyer’s ring Function, Infection, Cancer, Lymphoma

Waldeyer's ring Function, Infection, Cancer, Lymphoma

Waldeyer’s ring is characterized by several tonsillar structures including; pharyngeal tonsil, tubal tonsils, palatine tonsils and lingual tonsils which are collectively aligned in a ring in the naso-oropharyngeal cavity. Additionally, these tonsillar bodies are interconnected with the lymphoid tissues known as mucosal-associated lymphoid tissues (MALT) which spreads approximately to the …

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How long does Lidocaine toxicity last?

How long does Lidocaine toxicity last?

The onset of action and appearance of clinical signs and symptoms among the patients of lidocaine toxicity may vary depending upon the administered dosage forms (injections, patches, etc.). Typically, after the administration of the injection, it may take approximately 1-5 minutes to show the clinical manifestations of toxicity, but these …

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Dynorphin Funtion, Mechanism, Withdrawal, Anxiety

Dynorphin Funtion, Mechanism, Withdrawal, Anxiety

The nervous system of the human body comprises of a well-organized network of neurons responsible for the transmission of stimulus and related information through signals in the whole body. It coordinates the functions of the body for the proper functioning and maintenance through the transmission of these signals generated by …

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Coagulative Necrosis in Kidney, Liver, Brain, Characteristics

Coagulative Necrosis in Kidney, Liver, Brain, Characteristics

“Coagulative necrosis is characterized by the cell death due to ischemia or infarction resulting in the formation of a firm pale patch or infarct comprised of dead cells.” It typically involves accidental cell death which is not caused by reasons such as trauma, immune system suppression or toxicities. It involves …

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Ameloblastic Fibroma Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Ameloblastic Fibroma Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

At the early stage of life, the oral cavity may undergo some changes which majorly involve the eruption and regrowth of all the teeth. Meanwhile, during the happening of this natural process, several abnormalities can be observed in a few cases. For example, in some cases the eruption of teeth …

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