Loose Anagen Syndrome, also known as Loose Hair Syndrome, is a condition in which hair strands are not securely connected to the scalp and can thus be gently plucked from the head. Due to an insufficient amount of tissue generation in the internal layers of the hair follicles and hair shafts, the strands emerging from them tend to be very frail and break easily. The strands originating from hair follicles and hair shafts are very fragile and break easily due to a lack of tissue formation in the innermost layers of the hair follicles and hair shafts.
The majority of the time, loose anagen syndrome is only present throughout childhood and goes away on its own as the child grows older. However, in a few cases, the problem of a lack of hair filaments persists even after puberty. It is more frequent in girls than in boys. It does, however, impact adults. Loose anagen syndrome often results in scattered hair loss, giving the hair a thin appearance and an untidy, “bed head” pattern.
Three types of LAS have been identified: LAS type A is characterized by scant, short hair. LAS type B is characterized by curly, uneven hair that is difficult to manage. Adults with LAS type C have hair that is typical in thickness but falls out excessively.
Loose Anagen Syndrome Symptoms
Hair that is loosely attached to the scalp and easily pulled out is the primary sign of loose anagen syndrome. The defining characteristic of loose anagen syndrome is the absence of a profuse bundle of hair on the head of the affected kid, whether male or female, even as they mature and develop properly. The scalp hair might be straight, wavy, or ruffled, but it is weak and thin.
When combing hair or scratching the scalp, a large amount of hair falls out at once because the hair is thin and not firmly attached to the scalp. However, there are no painful or unpleasant symptoms such as inflammation, red spots, soreness, scarring, or uncomfortable protuberances. The majority of cases of loose anagen syndrome impact only the scalp hair, leaving the eyelashes, brows, and body hair unaffected.
Loose Anagen Syndrome Causes
According to current research, loose anagen syndrome is caused by a malfunction in the hair’s natural anchoring mechanism to the scalp. Experts think that loose anagen syndrome is caused by problems with the growth of the inner root sheath, which is one of the first parts of the hair shaft to come out of the hair follicle.
According to research, patients with loose anagen hair syndrome are more likely to have a family history of hair loss, such as alopecia areata. Other inherited or developmental problems may also be linked to loose anagen syndrome. These include:
- Uncombable hair syndrome.
- Noonan syndrome.
- Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome.
- Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED).
- Nail-patella syndrome.
- Ectodermal dysplasia, ectrodactyly, and cleft lip/palate syndrome.
- FG syndrome.
Loose anagen syndrome is not common, therefore it’s frequently confused with other hair growth difficulties or conditions that might cause excessive hair shedding.
Loose Anagen Syndrome Treatment
A dermatologist may do the following tests to check for LAS in the hair:
- Perform a hair pull test to see if the hair can be pulled from the scalp.
- Examine hairs extracted from the scalp under a microscope (trichogram) for symptoms of loose anagen syndrome, such as deformed hair bulbs, ruffled cuticles, and the absence of inner or outer root sheaths.
Most of the time, the loose anagen hair problem resolves on its own and does not necessitate active therapy. If significant hair loss is experienced as a result of LAS, the healthcare professional may recommend topical hair loss medications such as minoxidil. Minoxidil stimulates blood flow and prolongs the hair growth cycle’s anagen phase.
The healthcare practitioner may advise gently washing and drying hair to avoid loose anagen hairs from falling out.
It may also be beneficial to avoid haircuts that cause strain at the roots.
Loose Anagen Syndrome Home Remedies
After identifying the presence of loose anagen syndrome in the child, the doctor advises adhering to healthy, balanced meals rich in all crucial, essential nutrients, as the condition tends to repair on its own as the person grows older. However, even after reaching puberty, the affected individual’s hair strands on the scalp remain often thin and fragile.
The doctor may also recommend oral drugs to encourage thick hair development on the head, as well as supplements such as biotin to prevent hair loss, thicken and strengthen the mane, and promote healthy tress growth.