Melanonychia Meaning, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Melanonychia Meaning, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
The term "melanonychia" comes from the Greek words "Melas," meaning "black" or "brown," and "Onyx," meaning "nail." It causes the nail plate to turn brownish-black, and the pigment that is usually meant is melanin. Lack of melanin, which pigments skin, makes nails semitransparent. Melanin is helpful in many ways, but it also contributes to melanonychia when it discolors...

BPC 157 Benefits, Side effects, Dosage, Cancer Treatment

BPC 157 Benefits, Side effects, Dosage, Cancer Treatment
The abbreviation BPC-157 refers to the 15-amino-acid peptide chain that makes up this body-protecting compound. The sequence is artificial because it does not occur naturally. It is built on a protective compound found in the human stomach, though. BPC-157 offers a novel and promising approach to the treatment and prevention of joint problems, as it...

Gata3 Breast Cancer Staining, Positive, Negative

Gata3 Breast Cancer Staining, Positive, Negative
Ascites in women are most commonly caused by ovarian cancer, whereas breast carcinoma is the most prevalent metastatic malignancy seen in pleural effusion specimens. Breast cancer cytomorphology in effusions varies greatly and shows overlap with both reactive mesothelial cells and metastases from various original tumor sites. When breast cancer cells spread throughout the body, a...

Kras Mutation Pancreatic Cancer – g12c, g12d, g12r

Kras Mutation Pancreatic Cancer - g12c, g12d, g12r
Currently, surgery is the sole treatment for pancreatic cancer; however, only 15–20% of individuals are diagnosed with resectable tumors. In addition, up to 80% of individuals with resected tumors experience recurrence. Prognosis and treatment decisions for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma are currently hindered by the lack of reliable biomarkers (PDAC).Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is...

Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer Prognosis, Survival Rate, Treatment

Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer Prognosis, Survival Rate, Treatment
Borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC) is a new diagnosis that blurs the line between resectable and locally progressed pancreatic cancer. In general, pancreatic cancer that is borderline resectable is neither clearly resectable nor definitely unresectable, but rather suggests a higher risk of incomplete resection in the case of early surgery. Numerous associations offer definitions for borderline resectable...

Honokiol Supplement Benefits, Side effects, Dosage and Cancer Treatment

Honokiol Supplement Benefits, Side effects, Dosage and Cancer Treatment
Cancer is a disease that affects a wide variety of people, and in recent years, its incidence rate as well as its fatality rate has been increasing. According to recent statistics from the World Health Organization, the worldwide cancer burden and number of cancer-related deaths are projected to double within the next decade. The development...

Premorbid Personality Meaning, Definition, Traits, Assessment, Example

Premorbid Personality Meaning, Definition, Traits, Assessment, Example
Premorbid Personality Definition:The term "personality" refers to a person's distinct ways of thinking, perceiving, and comprehending themselves in relation to their surroundings. The term "premorbid personality" refers to personality qualities that are present before a disease or injury occurs. There is proof that personality traits last throughout one's life, even after suffering a severe brain...

Isoechoic Thyroid Nodule Meaning, Ultrasound | Hypoechoic vs Isoechoic

Isoechoic Thyroid Nodule Meaning, Ultrasound | Hypoechoic vs Isoechoic
Discrete lesions in the thyroid, called nodules, are distinguished from the surrounding thyroid parenchyma using imaging techniques. They are mostly caused by a wide range of healthy or dangerous conditions. Thyroid hormone production is excessive in hot nodules. Right thyroid lobe replacement results in an isoechoic nodule. The edges of the nodule are smooth and well-defined,...

Right & Left Hypochondrial Pain, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Right & Left Hypochondrial Pain, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Discomforts of various kinds are common symptoms of diseases affecting the organs located in the abdominal cavity and the retroperitoneal area. They are localized by the affected organ's location.Pain in the right hypochondrium is a common symptom of organ dysfunction, including the liver, gall bladder, gut, and diaphragm. Pain, burning, and heaviness on the right...

Basilar artery stroke Symptoms, Prognosis, Survival rate, Treatment

Basilar artery stroke Symptoms, Prognosis, Survival rate, Treatment
The basilar artery is an important part of the posterior circulation because it supplies blood to the pons and cerebellum, both of which are located in the posterior cranial fossa.Prompt care is essential in the event of a stroke because it is a medical emergency. Brain injury and other consequences are minimized by prompt intervention....