Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (Dnet) are such types of tumors that occur in most children, maybe teenagers or children below the age of 11 that have chronic seizures found in the brain. The radiologist found out by cortical topography and found out with the help of no mass effect and sometimes perilesional edema. The complexity can be due to partial seizures. Nonspecific Dnet is very difficult to diagnose because it often does not show the usual symptoms. Scientists have not yet been able to find out the main cause of this disease. They are still researching the main reason for it.
If the scientists are successful in finding out the causes for the Dnet tumor then it can be useful to demolish it earlier. Dnet tumor is mostly found in children, but the rate of this disease is less, so there are very rare chances that people will go through with this disease. This disease can be easily diagnosed by (MRI). A specific type of dnet tumor is usually found in children. This type of condition can be diagnosed and treated earlier than the nonspecific one because it was diagnosed earlier.
Dnet tumor symptoms
The frontal and temporal lobes, DNET, and gangliogliomas are present due to seizures. The speed of growth of DNET and ganglioglioma is very slow, and it is found in people who have an early history of this seizure condition. Dnet can also be formed in many other brain areas and may be found in the spinal cord region and therefore have focal symptoms because there will be tumors surrounding the brain. Ventricular ganglioglioma results in ventricular obstruction and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure (headache, vomiting, imbalance, and lethargy). Ganglioglioma of the trunk and spinal cord can present with weakness, scoliosis, back pain, or bowel and bladder dysfunction.
Dnet tumor causes
No cause has been known yet, but scientists and physicians are trying to understand the main reason for this dnet tumor. But there are symptoms through which we can help us to recognize the Dnet tumor. As our medical branches are advancing day by day and it is permanent that much research will be done to find out the main causes of it this year or after some years. This will be the congratulatory thing that scientists will discover the cause of this unknown disease which will help the doctors to treat it as early as possible.
Dnet tumor diagnosis
Dnet tumors are usually found in patients who have gone through seizures and the help of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine and electroencephalogram (EEG). Dnet is mostly found in children, and they may be teenagers or younger than teenagers with seizures, and those who have been on medication for a long time. While using MRI, lesions are usually disclosed in the temporal, parietal region of the brain. Dnet can also be found out by EEG scans when there will be rapid, repetitive bursts against a contrasting background.
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors are mainly shown as low-grade tumors because about 1.2% of people under twenty have gone through with this tumor, and about 0.2% over twenty years have gone through this tumor. Because its prevalence in the population is low, and this disease is often misdiagnosed.
Dnet tumor treatment
The only treatment for the Dnet tumor is surgery. It was also observed that there are fewer chances of successful medicine as it is seen that only 70 to 80 percent of patients successfully pass through this stage. Dnet tumors will start to grow mostly in children and do not pose any sudden effect; no other result is found after radiotherapy or chemotherapy; therefore, the people going through this disease, especially children, are not observed with any side effects.
If you want complete relief from this disease, you need to remove that tumor completely. For complete removal of these tumor doctors usually performs a resection, including anterior temporal lobectomy and sometimes amygdalo-hippocampectomy. When a tumor is removed, the patient is hospitalized, and at that time, there will be no seizures. If the resection is not done, then the cancer is not fully removed, then the patient will be in the state of risk of seizures. One of the patients whose tumor is not completely removed will have chances of attacks, and this is the failure of both the patient and the doctor. This is how the patient will go through with the second surgery to remove this tumor again.