Glomus tumors are usually found in the nail; generally, they start forming from the neuro-arterial plexus region and are found exactly under the nail. The type of this plexus is an arteriovenous anastomosis that usually works without any capillary bed. The etiology of this condition is not properly found out. Due to this condition, the person may lose their nail or cause an effect on your finger, and this type of tumor will have the symptoms. Still, to overcome this disease earlier, you have to diagnose it as early as possible. Otherwise, you will lose your precious and beautiful little nail that looks pretty with your finger. A case reported in a very well-known hospital is that this tumor is a very bad disease located in your proximal area of the nail fold causing your nails longitudinal splitting.
The glomus tumor was first told to people by the great wood in the early period in 1821, but this detailed disease description was given by the well-known name Masson. These types of tumors are not commonly found in everyone because it is a very rare disease and in a small number of people. They are usually found in the sublingual region of the nail, and there are fewer chances of this tumor to be found in the joints of our precious and pretty nails and may sometimes be found in any other area. There are many types of symptoms of these diseases, some of them are listed below, and you have to be careful about not getting this disease as it is a very hectic disease. You will go through with pain and lose the precious nail, and your body part will also look worse by getting it. These tumors are mostly seen in the color blue and maybe in white color.
Glomus Tumor of fingernail Symptoms
This type of tumor is mostly one in number and is a small lesion. This tumor is mostly found in your body, including your hand, foot, wrist, and mostly under your nails. When you put your lesion in cold water, it starts producing pain in your tumor. Many tumors are found out that they are less painful, and some have no pain. These tumors are found in blue, and sometimes it is observed that there is a whitish color. There will be an elevation in the nail also. There are fewer chances that tumors may be found in the region of your body that includes the antrum or fewer chances that they are found in the head of the penis. The treatment for it is always the same whether it is present in your nail, foot, etc., or in the penis head. These tumors are so rare that they occur in very few people.
Glomus Tumor of fingernail Causes
The glomerular body is a temperature-sensitive organ of modified perivascular smooth muscle cells that are involved in the regulation of skin temperature in the vessels; the arterioles contract from the cold, while the glomerular bodies expand, maintaining blood flow to the nail bed.
The main cause of this disease is still not known. The researcher and the paramedical staffs are day and night researching to find out the cause of many infections, but they still do not know its actual reason. In this era of science, researchers are developing and advancing day by day. We hope that they will find out the main cause of this disease as early as possible to prevent it from being affected by this type of tumor. Some theories tell us that trauma will cause single subungual Glomus tumors. Glomus tumor, mostly found in the nail matrix, can be cured if it is treated earlier.
Glomus Tumor of fingernail Diagnosis
Glomus tumors are found to be very rare and are cancerous. Glomus tumor can be clinically suspected because it is usually a solitary, painful, reddish-blue, 1-2 cm papule or a lump on or around the nail bed. A biopsy is usually done. Glomus tumor histology reveals dense layers of glomus cells around small blood vessels. Immunohistochemistry tests can help diagnose. This type of tumor is found in either two centimeters of size or more than two centimeters and is subfascial or sometimes visceral.
Glomus Tumor of fingernail Treatment
Surgical excision is the only treatment that is usually used for these tumors of the subungual glomerulus. The researcher usually found out that their two treatments for it are translingual and periungual (lateral). But if this surgery is not done well, then this tumor will grow again and then require a second time.