What is quotidian fever? – Meaning, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is quotidian fever - Meaning, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

What is quotidian fever?

Quotidian fever is a form of intermittent fever in which episodes of fever occur once every day. It is one of four varieties of intermittent fever, the others being quartan fever, double quotidian fever, and tertian fever.  Quotidian fever is primarily caused by Plasmodium malariae, whereas double quotidian fever is caused by a range of conditions, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.  

Quotidian fever is a form of intermittent fever that is distinguished by high-spiking fevers every 24 hours. The term “febrile disease” and “everyday fever” are also used to refer to this condition. A sluggish pulse, a feeling of bodily heaviness and tiredness, urine that is thin and pale, and feces that are raw and watery are some of the symptoms of quotidian fever. Joint pain (arthralgia) and a maculopapular rash are possible additional symptoms. The highest temperature a person with a fever can experience is 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit). Quotidian fever is linked to diseases like severe malaria, adult Still’s disease and chronic granulomatous disease.

What is quotidian fever - Meaning, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

The clinical history of the patient is reviewed to make a diagnosis of quotidian fever. The physician may also do biological tests on the patient, such as a complete blood count and a blood culture. Quotidian fever is a form of fever of undetermined origin (FUO) that can be induced by juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in adults (JRA). Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), miliary TB, Epstein-Barr virus, CMV, typhoid/enteric fever, brucellosis, and other infectious disorders are all potential causes of FUO. By assessing the patient’s symptoms and doing additional testing, diagnostic possibilities are limited.

Quotidian fever is a kind of intermittent fever that causes the temperature to rise twice a day. The treatment for quotidian fever is determined by the underlying etiology, which may be an infection such as malaria, miliary tuberculosis, or chronic granulomatous illness (CGD). In situations of adult Still’s illness, corticosteroid medication may be useful for disease management. Antibiotics and antimalarials are two more possible treatments. The usage of herbal treatments like agaric and scammony has also been credited with purifying the body and lessening phlegm production.

Quotidian Fever vs Double Quotidian Fever

Quotidian fever is a type of intermittent fever in which the temperature is elevated for several hours followed by an interval when it returns to normal. Double quotidian fever is a more specific type of intermittent fever, characterized by two spikes in temperature per day. It is associated with relatively few disorders, including visceral leishmaniasis, mixed malarial infections, right-sided gonococcal acute salpingitis, and Still’s disease.

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